Dracula Goby



Dracula Goby, Stonogobiops dracula

  • Common Name: Dracula Goby
  • Latin Name: Stonogobiops dracula
  • Synonyms: None
  • Distribution: The Dracula Goby, Stonogobiops dracula, is naturally found in the Indo-Pacific region, specifically in areas such as Indonesia, the Philippines, and the Maldives. The original wild fish come from these regions.
  • Max Size: The Dracula Goby can grow up to a maximum size of approximately 2.5 inches (6.4 cm).
  • Temperature Range: They thrive within a temperature range of 78-82°F (25-28°C).
  • pH Range: Dracula Gobies prefer a pH range of 8.1-8.4.
  • Kh Range: They can tolerate a wide range of carbonate hardness (KH) levels.
  • Care Level: Dracula Gobies require a moderate level of care and attention. They are considered delicate and need stable water conditions to thrive.
  • Lighting Preference: They do well under moderate to high lighting conditions.
  • Preferred Food: Dracula Gobies are carnivorous and primarily feed on small crustaceans such as copepods and amphipods. They may also accept frozen and live foods like brine shrimp and mysis shrimp.
  • Behaviour: Dracula Gobies are peaceful and non-aggressive. They spend most of their time perched on the substrate near their burrow or rock crevices. They form a symbiotic relationship with certain species of pistol shrimp.
  • Suitable for Reef Tanks: Yes, Dracula Gobies are suitable for reef tanks. They do not harm corals or other invertebrates and can coexist peacefully in a reef environment.
  • Discoverer: Not applicable
  • Interesting Facts:
  • Dracula Gobies are popular among marine aquarium enthusiasts due to their captivating behaviour and intriguing partnership with pistol shrimp.

The Dracula Goby, also known as Stonogobiops dracula, is a small and colourful fish species. It reaches a maximum size of about 3 inches (7.6 cm). It has a slender body with vibrant colours. This fish has a bright yellow face, white body with fantastic red bands.

Natural Habitat:

The Dracula Goby inhabits coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region. It is often found in shallow areas with rich coral growth, sandy substrate, and plenty of hiding places such as crevices and small caves. These habitats provide them with shelter and protection.

Keeping Dracula Goby Healthy:

Keeping the Dracula Goby healthy requires attention to water quality and suitable tank conditions. It is important to maintain stable water parameters, including a temperature range of 75-82°F (24-28°C) and a pH range of 8.1-8.4. Provide a well-established aquarium with plenty of live rock and sand for natural hiding places. Due to their delicate nature, they require careful acclimation and should not be kept with aggressive tank mates.

Special Requirements and Feeding:

The Dracula Goby has special requirements when it comes to feeding. They are primarily carnivorous and require a diet rich in small meaty foods. Offer them a variety of live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and small crustaceans. They will also benefit from the presence of copepods and amphipods in the aquarium, which can serve as a natural food source.

How Many Should I Keep:

Dracula Gobies are typically kept as solitary fish or in pairs. Keeping a single Dracula Goby or a compatible pair is sufficient to provide them with a suitable social environment in the aquarium.

Lighting Preference:

Dracula Gobies do well under moderate to high lighting conditions in the aquarium. Provide appropriate lighting that supports the growth of coral and enhances the overall visual appeal of the tank.

Suitable Tank Mates:

Dracula Gobies are generally peaceful and can be kept with other non-aggressive species in a reef tank. Suitable tank mates include small peaceful fish such as clownfish, gobies, and blennies. Avoid keeping them with larger or aggressive species that may pose a threat to the Dracula Goby.

Symbiotic Relationship with Pistol Shrimp:

The Dracula Goby has a fascinating symbiotic relationship with certain species of pistol shrimp. These two species form a mutualistic partnership where the goby acts as a lookout for the shrimp, while the shrimp excavates and maintains a burrow that both species share. The goby keeps watch for potential predators, and when it senses danger, it flicks its tail against the burrow’s rim to warn the shrimp and seek shelter together. This relationship provides protection for both the goby and the shrimp.

Reproduction in the Wild:

In the wild, the Dracula Goby reproduces through a process known as broadcast spawning. During spawning, the male and female goby release their eggs and sperm into the water column simultaneously. Fertilization occurs externally, and the fertilized eggs develop into larvae that drift with the ocean currents. This method increases the chances of genetic diversity and dispersal of offspring over a wide area.

Breeding Stonogobiops dracula:

    1. Set Up:

    To breed Dracula Gobies in captivity, provide a well-maintained aquarium with suitable conditions, including stable water parameters, appropriate lighting, and the presence of a burrow for the pair to use as a nesting site.

    1. Courtship/Spawning:

    The courtship and spawning behaviour of Dracula Gobies in captivity may involve the male enticing the female to the burrow through various displays and movements. Once the female enters the burrow, the male follows, and the spawning takes place where both release their eggs and sperm.

    1. Rearing:

    After spawning, the eggs will float freely in the water column. To rear the fry successfully, it is necessary to have a separate rearing tank with proper filtration and suitable food for the developing larvae. Tiny live foods such as rotifers and copepods are commonly used for feeding the fry until they are large enough to accept larger food particles.

Sexual Dimorphism:

Dracula Gobies do not exhibit significant sexual dimorphism, which means that males and females generally have similar appearances. Both sexes display the vibrant colours and distinctive markings characteristic of the species.


The Dracula Goby, Stonogobiops dracula, is found in the Indo-Pacific region, particularly in areas such as Indonesia, the Philippines, and the Maldives. It is important to note that while there may be captive-bred or line-bred strains available in the aquarium trade, the original wild fish are native to the mentioned regions.


The Dracula Goby, or Stonogobiops dracula, is a captivating fish species that forms a symbiotic relationship with pistol shrimp. In the wild, they reproduce through broadcast spawning, releasing their eggs and sperm into the water column. Breeding Dracula Gobies in captivity requires proper tank setup, courtship and spawning behaviour, and the rearing of the fry in a separate tank. They exhibit no significant sexual dimorphism, and their natural distribution includes the Indo-Pacific region. With their stunning appearance and intriguing behaviour, Dracula Gobies make an exciting addition to marine aquariums.


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